How To Catch Crappie: Crappie Fishing 101

Kristian Ole



Crappies are known for their delicious taste and the thrill they offer when they strike your bait. They are relatively easy to catch compared to other species, making them an ideal target for beginners. However, like any form of fishing, catching crappie has its nuances. There’s a lot to learn, from choosing the right gear and understanding the best fishing tactics to knowing when and where to find these elusive fish.

In this guide, we’ll cover everything you need to know to get started with crappie fishing. We will look at the rods, lines, and baits most effective for catching crappie. We’ll also explore different fishing tactics, seasonal considerations, and even the best locations to find these fish.

Crappie Fishing Gear

When it comes to crappie fishing, having the right gear can make all the difference between a successful outing and a day of frustration.


The rod you choose can significantly impact your experience when fishing for crappie. For beginners, a spinning rod is often the best choice. They’re user-friendly and versatile, making them ideal for various fishing conditions. If you’re a more experienced angler, you might opt for a casting rod, which offers greater accuracy but requires a bit more skill to master.

A 6 to 7-foot rod is generally a good fit for crappie fishing. As for the action, a light to medium action rod will give you the sensitivity to feel a crappie bite, while still providing enough strength to reel in your catch.

Learn more about rod length for crappie and rod action for crappie.


The type of fishing line you choose can also play a crucial role. Fluorocarbon lines are nearly invisible underwater and offer good sensitivity, but they can be a bit on the expensive side.

Monofilament is a more affordable option and works well in various fishing conditions, although it tends to stretch more, which can reduce sensitivity.

Braid lines are strong and durable, making them good for fishing around structures, but they are often visible to fish and might be considered overkill for crappie.

Baits and Lures

When it comes to bait, you’ve got a couple of excellent options. Minnows are often considered the most effective bait for crappie fishing. They mimic the crappie’s natural diet and can be incredibly effective. Worms are another good option, especially for smaller crappie.

If you prefer artificial lures, jigs are the way to go. They’re versatile and can be used in various fishing conditions. Spinners are another good choice, particularly when crappie are more active and willing to chase a moving target.

Related: The most effective Jig colors for crappie


For reels, beginners will likely find spinning reels the most user-friendly. They’re easier to use and quite effective for crappie fishing. More experienced anglers might prefer baitcasting reels, which offer more control but can be challenging to master. Brands like Shimano, Daiwa, and Abu Garcia offer reliable spinning and baitcasting reels options.

Fishing Tactics to Catch Crappie

Fishing Tactics to Catch Crappie

Let’s start with trolling, a method that allows you to cover much water relatively quickly. This technique involves dragging your bait or lure behind a slowly moving boat. The key to successful trolling for crappie is to get the speed just right. Too fast, and you’ll zip right past them; too slow, and your bait won’t attract enough attention. A speed of around 1 to 1.5 mph is generally a good starting point.

Also, pay attention to the depth at which you’re trolling; crappie can often be found at varying depths depending on the time of year and water temperature.

Jigging is another popular tactic, and it can be incredibly effective when crappies are holding near structures like submerged trees or rock piles. The idea is to drop a jig into the water and then retrieve it in a series of upward movements, mimicking the behavior of a small fish.

The type of jig can make a difference, too. Some anglers swear by marabou jigs, while others prefer rubber or plastic-bodied jigs. Experiment to find what works best for you and the specific conditions you’re fishing in.

Spinning techniques can also be effective, especially when crappie are in more open water. With spinning, you’ll cast your line and then retrieve it in a way that makes your lure move in an enticing manner.

Spinners and small crankbaits are often the lures of choice for this method. The key is to vary your retrieval speed and add occasional pauses to mimic a wounded or struggling fish, which can trigger a predatory response from crappie.

Last but not least, let’s talk about casting. This is a straightforward technique where you cast your bait or lure towards likely crappie hangouts and wait for a bite. Casting is often overlooked in favor of more active techniques, but it can be incredibly effective, especially when you’re fishing around docks, fallen trees, or other structures where crappie like to hide.

Tips and Tricks for catching Crappie

  • Fish During Feeding Times: Crappie are most active during early morning and late afternoon. Target these times for the best results.
  • Use a Fish Finder: A fish finder can help you locate schools of crappie and identify promising fishing spots more quickly.
  • Consult Local Anglers: Local knowledge is invaluable. Chat with experienced fishermen or bait shop owners for insights on where the fish are biting.
  • Match the Hatch: Use lures and baits that resemble the natural food sources of crappie in your fishing area.
  • Vary Your Depth: Crappie can be found at different depths depending on the time of day and season. Don’t be afraid to experiment.
  • Use Light Tackle: Crappie have delicate mouths, so using lighter hooks and line can result in fewer lost fish.
  • Pay Attention to Water Clarity: In clearer water, crappie are more likely to be spooked by your boat. Use longer casts to keep a distance.
  • Check the Weather: Crappie are sensitive to changes in barometric pressure. Overcast days can often be more productive than sunny ones.
  • Be Stealthy: Excessive noise and movement can scare away crappie. Approach fishing spots quietly and keep noise to a minimum.
  • Keep Your Gear Organized: Time spent untangling lines or searching for tackle is time not spent fishing. Keep your gear organized for maximum efficiency.

When to Fish for Crappie

ideal fishing depth for crappie

Before you even cast your first line, it’s crucial to familiarize yourself with the local and state fishing regulations. These rules often dictate the crappie’s fishing seasons, bag limits, and size limits. Ignoring these regulations can result in hefty fines and even confiscation of your fishing gear.

Always check the latest guidelines, as they can change yearly. Many states have online resources or apps that make it easy to stay updated.


Understanding the seasonal patterns of crappie can significantly improve your fishing success. Generally, crappie are active year-round, but their behavior changes with the seasons. Spring and fall are often considered the best times to fish for crappie, as they’re more likely to be found in shallow waters during these periods. Summer and winter present their own unique challenges and opportunities, which we’ll delve into next.

Catching Crappie in the Spring

Spring is a fantastic time to fish for crappie, especially during the spawning season. The fish move to shallower waters, making them easier to locate and catch. Water temperatures between 55 and 65 degrees Fahrenheit are ideal for crappie spawning.

Look for them near underwater structures like logs, rocks, and vegetation, where they will likely lay their eggs.

Spring often brings more stable weather conditions, making it a comfortable time for anglers to spend extended periods on the water.

Catching Crappie in the Summer

Summer crappie fishing can be a bit more challenging due to the heat. The fish often retreat to deeper, cooler waters during the day. However, early morning and late evening can be productive times, as crappies moves to shallower waters to feed. Night fishing is also an option, as crappie are more active when the water cools down.

If you’re fishing during the day, consider using a fish finder to locate schools of crappie in deeper waters, as they tend to congregate around submerged structures to escape the heat.

Catching Crappie in the Fall

As the water temperatures begin to drop in the fall, crappie will often move back to shallower waters, making them easier to catch. This is a great time to experiment with different baits and lures, as crappie prepare for the colder months by feeding more aggressively. Look for them near underwater structures where they can find both food and cover.

Fall is also a period when many other anglers turn their attention to hunting or other activities, potentially giving you more of the lake to yourself.

Catching Crappie in the Winter

crappie ice fishing depth

Winter crappie fishing is not for the faint of heart but can be rewarding. In colder climates, ice fishing for crappie is a popular activity. The fish are usually found in deeper waters during this season, so a fish finder can be particularly useful. Make sure to take all necessary safety precautions if you venture onto the ice.

Despite the cold, winter can offer some of the most peaceful and serene fishing experiences, with fewer anglers and quieter waters, making it a unique time to target crappie.

Where to Catch Crappie

Crappies are versatile fish that can be found in a variety of water bodies, including lakes, rivers, and ponds. One of the keys to locating them is understanding their preference for structure.

Crappies love to hang out near submerged objects like logs, rocks, and man-made structures like docks and pilings. These structures offer them cover from predators and serve as excellent feeding grounds. So, the next time you’re out on the water, keep an eye out for these types of areas. They’re often crappie hotspots that can yield a bountiful catch.

Crappie Spawn

The crappie spawn is a special time of year that offers some of the best fishing opportunities. Typically occurring in the spring, crappie move to shallower waters to lay their eggs. During this period, they are often more aggressive and easier to catch. Look for spawning crappie near reeds, lily pads, and other vegetation types where they might build their nests.

The spawn usually happens when water temperatures are between 55 and 65 degrees Fahrenheit, so keep an eye on the thermometer for optimal fishing conditions.

Consider your location

Crappie fishing can vary significantly depending on your geographic location. For example, crappie fishing can be a year-round activity in the southern United States due to milder winters. Ice fishing for crappie is popular in northern regions during winter.

Adapting your tactics to the local conditions and seasonal patterns is essential. Local fishing forums, social media groups like Crappie fishing tips and tricks on Facebook, and even chatting with experienced anglers at bait shops can provide invaluable insights into the best local spots for crappie fishing.

Safety and Regulations

Before heading out on your crappie fishing adventure, ensure you’re legally covered to fish in your chosen location. Most states require anglers to have a fishing license, and some locations may even require additional permits or stamps for specific species like crappie.

Licenses can often be purchased online, at local sporting goods stores, or directly from state wildlife agencies. Failure to have the proper licenses can result in fines and may end your fishing trip quickly, so it’s always better to be safe than sorry.

Safety should be your top priority whenever you’re out on the water. Always wear a life jacket when you’re in a boat, regardless of your swimming abilities. Having a first aid kit, plenty of water, and some basic survival gear like a whistle and a flashlight is also a good idea.

If you’re going ice fishing for crappie, make sure to take extra precautions. Always check the ice thickness before venturing out and consider carrying ice picks and a rope for emergencies.


What is the best bait to catch crappie?

The best bait for catching crappie often depends on local conditions, but generally, live minnows are considered highly effective. Artificial jigs in various colors also work well, especially when tipped with a minnow.

What is the best depth to catch crappie?

The ideal depth for catching crappie can vary based on the time of year and water temperature. However, they are commonly found at depths of 6 to 12 feet during the spring and fall. In the summer and winter, they may move to deeper waters, ranging from 15 to 30 feet.

What is the best time to catch crappie?

Early morning and late afternoon are generally the best times to catch crappie, as these are their most active feeding times. Seasonally, spring and fall offer the most favorable conditions for crappie fishing.


About Kristian Ole

Kristian Ole Rørbye, a marine biologist and seasoned angler, shares his fishing adventures and expertise on FishingKris. Join him as he explores the world's waters, one cast at a time.

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